A mammogram is an X-ray of the breast. Mammograms are the best way to find breast cancer early, when it is easier to treat and before it is big enough to feel or cause symptoms. Having regular mammograms can lower the risk of dying from breast and it does not increase risk of cancer from radiation hazards.
Clinical Breast Exam
A clinical breast exam is an examination by a doctor or nurse, who uses his or her hands to feel for lumps or other changes.
Take charge of your breast health
We understand that breast health is an important part of your overall well-being. Every woman above the age of 35 years should get a breast check-up done. The prime reason for this check-up is early diagnosis of lumps or breast cancer or any other problem and its early treatment. Also it is important for women to have proper information about self check-up,Mammography and breast related problems.
Be breast aware
A GOOD BREAST HEALTH PLAN includes
- Monthly Self Breast Examination
- Clinical Breast Examination
- Annual Mammography
To be breast aware means becoming familiar with how your breasts look and feel. You should understand how your breasts may change at different times during the month and also as you get older. For some women, breasts become enlarged, tender and lumpy just before a period, and then return to normal once the period is over, others may have swollen breasts throughout their cycle. Age, pregnancy,and the menopause can all affect the size and feel of your breasts. The important thing is to recognise which changes are usual and which are not. Make sure you know what is normal for you.
Step 1: After a bath , step in front of a large mirror and put your hands on your hips. Look at the size, shape, and color of your breasts. They should look as they normally do with no visible dimples,puckering,or swelling.
Step 2: Raise your arms above your head and clasp your hands together. Examine your breasts as you did in step one and look for dimples, puckering, swelling, rashes, or inverted nipples.
Step 3: Place your arms at your side and gently squeeze each nipple between finger and thumb to check for any discharge.
Step 4: Next, lie down, and use your right hand to feel your left breast and then your left hand to feel your right breast. Taking three fingers, firmly press the breast in small circles from top to bottom and side to side. Make sure to go as far as the collarbone to the top of the abdomen and from cleavage to armpit. Do this three times, first with a soft touch, then with increased pressure, and on the very last time press firmly and deeply.
Step 5: Finally, either sitting in a chair or standing, feel your breasts as you did in step four.
By doing this women can not only become more familiar with their breasts, but can sense breast problems before they become too serious.
Timing of Breast Self Examinations
Women should begin breast self examinations in their teen years and continue throughout their lifetimes.The exam should be performed every month, 3-4 days after your period ends. After menopause or a hysterectomy, choose a specific day each month to do your exam (i.e. the first of the month).
A mammogram can save your life by finding breast cancer significantly early
By finding breast cancer early a woman’s chances of survival are higher and she may have more treatment options available to her.
Reasons for Having a Mammogram
- Screening mammography is an X-ray examination of the breasts in a woman who is asymptomatic (has no symptoms of breast cancer)
- It's goal is to detect cancer when the cancerous lump is still too small to be felt by a woman or her physician
Screening mammography is recommended every one to two years for women once they reach 40 years of age and every year once they reach 50 years of age
Screening mammography to be done before age 40 in patients who have a strong family history of breast cancer