Fibroadenomas and Fibroadenosis

Finding a lump in the breast can be a scary experience, but not all lumps and tumors are cancerous.

Most common lumps seen more in the age group 15 -25 years.

  • May be single or multiple
  • Usually slow growing, benign and painless
  • They are moveable under the skin and have a smooth rubbery texture
  • They are typically not tender

Causes

The exact cause of fibroadenomas is not known. Hormones such as estrogen may play a part in the growth and development. Taking oral contraceptives before the age of 20 has been associated with a higher risk of developing fibroadenomas.

Treatment

  • Not associated with cancer and needs confirmation and reassurance
  • Most fibroadenomas are left alone and not treated
  • Course of medication can be given for 3 - 6 months
  • If large or causing pain, lumpectomy surgery can be done to remove it